Monday, 13 January 2014

Essential Nuances

In addition to the precise Definitions and Rules there are a number of essential nuances of the Rules that have the ability to cause great complexities for a student of the Rules. Thus, he may consider he has an understanding of some concept in the Rules and then find out that he has ignored a vital part of a Definition or Rule as its association to another part was vague.

The watch list of nuances:

  • Match play penalties require a claim
  • Intent-based Rules vs. outcome-based Rules
  • Being unaware sometimes results in no penalty to the player
  • Interrelationships
  • Difference between “playing a ball” and “putting a ball into play”

Monday, 18 February 2013


Besides the specific Definitions and Rules there are some underlying nuances of the Rules requiring sagacity and experience to fully appreciate or otherwise these nuances have the potential to cause great difficulties for a student of the Rules.  Thus, he may think he has an understanding of some concept in the Rules and then discover that he has overlooked an essential part of a Definition or Rule because its relationship to another part was obscure. The watch list of nuances:

 Interrelationships.  Many Rules and Definitions have internal or external interrelationships that are essential to the meaning of the item at hand.  These nuances must be recognized, respected and understood. Internally, a Note at the end of a Definition or Rule may completely change the meaning of the initial words [see Definition of Wrong Ball].  Within both Definitions and Rules, formally stated Exceptions may appear at the end but many times there are words in a sentence, such as “unless,” “provided,” or “otherwise,” that change the meaning of the preceding or succeeding words and serve the same purpose as a formal exception. Externally, another Rule may supplement, complement or override a given Rule.  For example, knowledge of Rule 20 as a supplement is essential to the execution of the relief Rules [24, 25, 26 and 28] as well as any other Rules that require placing or dropping of a ball.

Match play penalties require a claim.  If a referee is assigned to ccompany the players throughout a match, he must act on any breach of a Rule that he observes or is reported to him.  In match play without a referee, an official is limited in his duties [see Definition of Referee, xception in match play], thus there are no incurred penalties unless one of the players makes a claim to his opponent or the Committee [Rule 2-5].  Indeed, a player may disregard a breach of the Rules by his opponent provided there is no agreement by the sides to waive a Rule [see Note 1 to Rule 2-5].  Thus, there are cases where an infraction would not result in a penalty despite the plain language at the end of a given Rule associating a penalty for a breach of the Rule.

Tuesday, 7 August 2012


Nuance is a small or subtle distinction. It can also refer to the following:

Nuance Communications, the name of a company that sells voice and productivity software solutions.
Nuance (band), the name of a 1980s dance music group.

Nuance (NUcleus and ActiN Connecting Element), a transmembrane protein associated with actin and the nuclear envelope. Zhen, Y. Y.; Libotte, T.; Munck, M.; Noegel, A. A.; Korenbaum, E. (2002). "NUANCE, a giant protein connecting the nucleus and actin cytoskeleton". Journal of cell science 115 (Pt 15): 3207–3222.

Thursday, 18 August 2011

Firs (Abies)

Firs (Abies) are a genus of 48–55 species of evergreen conifers in the family Pinaceae. They are found through much of North and Central America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa, occurring in mountains over most of the range. Firs are most closely related to the cedars (Cedrus); Douglas-firs are not true firs, being of the genus Pseudotsuga.
All are trees, reaching heights of 10–80 m (30–260 ft) tall and trunk diameters of 0.5–4 m (2–12 ft) when mature. Firs can be distinguished from other members of the pine family by their needle-like leaves, attached to the twig by a base that resembles a small suction cup; and by erect, cylindrical cones 5–25 cm (2–10 in) long that disintegrate at maturity to release the winged seeds. Identification of the species is based on the size and arrangement of the leaves, the size and shape of the cones, and whether the bract scales of the cones are long and exserted, or short and hidden inside the cone.